The shipyard is the factory where the ships are built, or they are repaired or demolished.
The one where they are repaired is also called arsenal, and it is also equipped with a dockyard; Where they are produced and repaired
Small boats are also called squeroes, with the name of the inclined plane where the boats are pulled dry.
The plant structure, size and configuration of the plants varies depending on the type of activity being carried out and the size of the vessels being treated.
An establishment that produces large ships, such as bulk carrier, tanker, ro-ro, cruise ship, etc., has an organization that includes:
The production line of the metallic hull, consisting of:
The sheet park and the profile park, where the materials that will form the ship’s structures are stored
The naval workshop, where the plates and profiles are treated, cut to size and shape and, if necessary, curved
The welding department, where the sheets and the profiles are welded together to form the panels
The prefabrication, where the panels are assembled and compose the hull blocks
Mounting on the dock or dock, where the blocks are welded together forming the hull of the ship.
The workshops, which aim to prepare all the vessels that make the ship operational:
Mechanical, in particular for the engine and steering apparatus
Electrician, throughout the electrical system
The furnishing and furnishing of housing and common parts
The yard has a crane in the shipyard and crane of various types and scope for mounting the hull and components of the equipment; Of large squares and of warehouses for the stoccaggio of the manufatti and of the merci; Of stairs or basins where the ships are assembled, and of installation rigs where ships are completed after the launch.
Shipbuilding yards are establishments extending over large areas, and of course they must be located on the shore of the sea or other water mirrors to allow boats to be built.